Frequently Asked Questions About Most Commonly-Used Types Of Psychological Therapy

Once in your life, you might have planned to undergo therapy. It may be to release your emotions over your day-to-day troubles or for drastic life changes. Therapy can be for all types of troubles.

Seeking therapy, however, can be overwhelming. You don’t know where to start, and the internet will offer you many forms of approaches.

Different types of therapy exist to cater to a patient’s needs. Some exist for those who are diagnosed with depression, anxiety, addiction, and other disorders. At the same time, others cover a broader scope of conditions. Results may vary from person to person.


Therapy will let you engage and discuss your concerns with a mental health professional. It helps assess the best methods to address your concerns. 

If you have considered therapy and want to learn the process, here’s a quick walkthrough about the most commonly-used psychological treatments.

One of the best-known and one of the most effective forms of therapy is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. It aims to acknowledge, accept, and transform patterns of pessimism often linked with depression and anxiety.

Through this therapy, you learn to manage negative thoughts and enhance the quality of life. 

On the other hand, Psychodynamic Therapies help resolve internal conflicts and address the roots of psychological turmoil. It is often used in treating depression and anxiety of patients dealing with the loss of loved ones or childhood abuse.

It also focuses on understanding and overcoming negative emotions to enhance relationships.

If you want to discover more about these treatments, here are some frequently asked questions about commonly-used psychological therapies.

What are the different types of psychological therapies?

The different types of psychological therapies are psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), cognitive analytical therapy (CAT), artistic psychotherapy, interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), humanistic therapy, and systematic therapy.

The effectiveness of these therapies varies from one person to another based on their conditions.

What type of therapy is considered the most effective psychological therapy?

Generally speaking, there is no psychological therapy considered as the most effective treatment. It all depends on the patient’s needs and preferences.

However, strong scientific evidence has linked cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to be the most efficient as it is the most studied psychological therapy option.

What are the two main types of treatment for psychological disorders?

The two main types of treatment used for psychological disorders are psychotherapy and biomedical therapy. These two types are often used in conjunction with each other.

Both involve therapy sessions to help an individual overcome mental health illness. However, biomedical therapy also uses the aid of medication management to treat mental disorders.

What are the four types of psychotherapy?

There are numerous types of psychotherapy. But the four most commonly used approaches in psychotherapy are the following:

1. Psychodynamic Therapy

A form of talk therapy wherein a licensed mental health professional focuses on the patient’s self-awareness and thought processing emotions.

2. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A hands-on approach to psychotherapy with insights into a patient’s cognitive behavior.

3. Humanistic Therapy

It refers to a person-centered treatment.

4. Systemic Therapy

An approach dealing not only with the individual but also their relationships

What are the 4 types of talk therapy?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy, also known as CBT, is the most common and popular talk therapy. Other types include guided self-help, wherein the patient is in control of the treatment. The role of the certified medical professional is to guide the patient through techniques and workbooks.

Another type is counseling, which involves a licensed counselor and may usually be done in groups. Lastly, there is interpersonal therapy or IPT, much like counseling but is specially reserved for individual sessions.

What is the most successful therapy?

As aforementioned, therapy’s success relies on the patient and is different for everyone, which means no one best therapy type.

However, scientifically-speaking, cognitive behavioral therapy is the most effective treatment option, especially for the most common mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression.

What type of psychotherapy is best for anxiety?

As anxiety is limited to feelings of anxiousness, which includes phobias, panic disorders, and other conditions, it is found that cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT is the best approach to treat mental illness.

With CBT, both the patient and the psychiatrist work together to identify triggers and patterns in their behaviors.


Is Psychological Therapy Effective?

Research shows that psychological therapy’s success rate is 50%, making it the most effective treatment approach across all ranges, whether in a child or an adult, a man, or a woman.

What are examples of psychological disorders?

Depression and anxiety are the most common psychological disorders, and they are linked to moods.

Other mental illnesses may stem from these two, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, personality disorders like schizophrenia, substance abuse disorders including alcoholism, sleeping disorders, and more.

How do you treat a psychological patient?

The treatment of a psychological patient begins with the patient’s assessment and diagnosis by a mental health professional. After this, they develop a treatment plan that may include both therapy and medications, depending on their needs.

What type of therapy is best for trauma?

Treating trauma can be challenging and complicated. Exposure therapies are found to be the most effective treatment plan for trauma victims. These therapies may involve systemic desensitization, mindfulness strategies, and others.

What is talk therapy called?

Talk therapy is also commonly referred to as psychotherapy. The name itself is a psychological approach to helping patients overcome their mental illnesses and emotional difficulties through various talking sessions with a licensed psychiatrist or psychologist.

What’s the difference between a psychologist and a psychotherapist?

A psychotherapist can be any psychologist or a psychiatrist who is duly licensed and have taken extra specialized training in psychotherapy.

On the other hand, a psychologist is any graduate of psychology dealing with the human mind study. They may work in clinical settings as therapists and do research, unlike psychotherapists, who only focus on therapy work.

What should I not tell a psychiatrist?

It is important to note that your psychiatrist should be someone you trust. It would help if you were comfortable sharing your feelings and your therapist’s stories since you are not supposed to lie to them. You should be open and honest with them for better results from your sessions.


The range of therapeutic procedures may be confusing in the beginning.  However, remember that psychological therapies are not limited to one specific condition.  Several approaches exist that can address the same set of conditions.

A psychological therapy that is effective for one may not be effective for another. Thus, the guidance of professionals helps determine the right fit. 

Mental health professionals can provide recommendations upon diagnosis to address your needs. But you also have to remember that therapists can also integrate or combine techniques. Some have to go through a trial and error method to find what works best for you.

Look for a therapist you can trust. Select someone you can comfortably share your concerns with. Knowing your therapist’s field of study and experience can help determine if they can adequately help your problems.

Even if their credentials don’t match your needs, your local therapist can refer you to other professionals that may be equipped better. 

It may take a few tries before you find the right therapist for you. But be patient. After all, a therapist-client relationship is essential in ensuring that you are getting what is best for you.

Your participation will also determine a treatment’s effectiveness. Make sure to allocate time and consistency in attending the sessions. Trust your therapist and participate in the sessions.

Therapy may take time before you see significant changes, but your therapist will be with you every step of the way.